Woodville, Richard, Earl Rivers
- (c. 1410–1469)Richard Woodville (or Wydeville), Earl Rivers, was the father-in-law of EDWARD IV and the head of a large and ambitious family whose advancement by the king in the 1460s helped provoke Richard NEVILLE, earl of Warwick, to rebel against the house of YORK. Born into a minor GENTRY family in Northamptonshire, Woodville was knighted by HENRY VI in 1426 and served in FRANCE in the 1430s. His surreptitious marriage in 1436 to JACQUETTA OF LUXEMBOURG, the young widow of John, duke of Bedford, Henry VI’s uncle, transformed Woodville’s fortunes and social standing. Although this shocking (for the time) mésalliance cost the bride a £1,000 fine and forced the groom to obtain a royal pardon, it also allowed Woodville to advance himself by drawing upon his wife’s family connections with the highest nobility of Europe. The match also helped Woodville rise into the PEERAGE as Lord Rivers, in 1448, and produced fourteen or fifteen children, a brood that later allowed the Woodvilles to marry into the leading families of England.In the 1450s, Rivers helped suppress JACK CADE’S REBELLION and served in CALAIS as a lieutenant of Edmund BEAUFORT, duke of Somerset. A partisan of the house of LANCASTER, Rivers was entrusted in 1459 with guarding Sandwich against an invasion from Calais by Warwick. When a Yorkist force swept down on the town in January 1460, it surprised Rivers in his bed and carried him and his eldest son, Anthony WOODVILLE, to Calais, where Warwick castigated them as traitors and parvenus. Having gained his freedom by unknown means, Rivers fought for Lancaster at the Battle of TOWTON in March 1461, but by August had abandoned Henry VI and submitted to Edward IV.In 1464, a second mésalliance, the secret marriage of his widowed daughter Elizabeth WOODVILLE to Edward IV, once again revived River’s fortunes. The king appointed Rivers treasurer, advanced him to an earldom, and married his children into the oldest and wealthiest noble families. The ambition and avarice of Rivers and his large family earned the Woodvilles great unpopularity and the enmity of Warwick, whose own political ambitions were threatened by the growing Woodville influence. When Warwick broke openly with Edward IV in 1469, he gave the king’s close association with lowborn counselors like Rivers as a primary reason for his actions. In July 1469, when the king became Warwick’s prisoner after the Battle of EDGECOTE, Rivers and his son Sir John Woodville were dragged from hiding and carried to Coventry, where both were executed by Warwick’s order on 12 August.See also all other entries under WoodvilleFurther Reading: MacGibbon, David, Elizabeth Woodville: Her Life and Times (London: A. Barker, 1938);“Richard Woodville,” in Michael Hicks, Who’s Who in Late Medieval England (London: Shepheard-Walwyn, 1991), pp. 328–329; Ross, Charles, Edward IV (New Haven, CT:Yale University Press, 1998);Weir, Alison, The Wars of the Roses (New York: Ballantine Books, 1995).
Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses. John A.Wagner. 2001.
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Woodville, Anthony, Earl Rivers — (c. 1442–1483) Through his control of the person of EDWARD V and his leadership of the politically powerful WOODVILLE FAMILY, Anthony Woodville (or Wydeville), Earl Rivers, may have unwittingly helped convince Richard, duke of Gloucester (see… … Encyclopedia of the Wars of the Roses
Richard Woodville, 1. Earl Rivers — Richard Woodville, auch Richard Wydeville, (* um 1405 in Maidstone; † 12. August 1469 in Northampton) war ein englischer Soldat und Adliger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Leben 2 Nachkommen 3 Literatur … Deutsch Wikipedia
Richard Woodville, 3rd Earl Rivers — (birth unknown, died 6 March 1491) succeeded his brother, Anthony Woodville, as the third Earl Rivers. He was the son of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg, and was the brother of Elizabeth Woodville, wife and Queen of … Wikipedia
Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers — Richard Woodville (or Wydeville), 1st Earl Rivers (1405 ndash; August 12, 1469), was an English nobleman, best remembered as the father of Elizabeth Woodville, wife of Edward IV.Born at Maidstone, Kent, he was the son of another Sir Richard… … Wikipedia
Anthony Woodville, 2. Earl Rivers — Anthony Woodville, 2. Earl Rivers, auch Anthony Wydeville, (* um 1440 in Grafton Regis; † 25. Juni 1483 in Pontefract), war ein englischer Adliger. Inhaltsverzeichnis 1 Herkunft und Verwandtschaft 2 Wechsel von Lancaster zu York 3 … Deutsch Wikipedia
Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl Rivers — Anthony Rivers, 2nd Earl Rivers (1442? ndash; 25 June 1483) was an English nobleman, courtier, and writer.He was the eldest son of Richard Woodville, 1st Earl Rivers and Jacquetta of Luxembourg. Like his father, he was originally a Lancastrian,… … Wikipedia
Earl Rivers — was an English title held in succession by the families of Woodville or Wydeville, Darcy and Savage. In 1299 John Rivers, or de Ripariis, was summoned to parliament as a baron, and his son John was similarly summoned by Edward II. The earldom was … Wikipedia
Earl Rivers — war ein erblicher englischer Adelstitel, der dreimal in der Peerage of England, verliehen wurde. Der Titel wurde nicht von einem Ort abgeleitet, daher auch nicht „Earl of Rivers“, sondern von einem alten Namen, der innerhalb der Familie Woodville … Deutsch Wikipedia
Rivers, Anthony Woodville, 2nd Earl, Baron Rivers — ▪ English noble Woodville also spelled Wydeville, Wydville , or Wydevill born c. 1440 died June 25, 1483 English noble, a leading supporter of his brother in law, the Yorkist king Edward IV. Anthony and his father, Sir Richard… … Universalium
Rivers, Richard Woodville, 1st Earl, Baron Rivers — ▪ English noble Woodville also spelled Wydeville, Wydville, or Wydevill died Aug. 12, 1469, Kenilworth, Warwickshire, Eng. father in law of the Yorkist king Edward IV of England (reigned 1461–70, 1471–83). Nobles opposed to Rivers… … Universalium